Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Alzheimer's dementia
  • Vascular dementia
  • Dementia with Lewy bodies
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hypoxic injury after cardiac arrest
  • Ischaemic stroke
  • Haemorrhagic stroke
  • Seizures
  • Migraine
  • Vitamin B12 deficiency
  • Mild cognitive impairment
  • Chronic traumatic encephalopathy

Uncommon

  • Frontotemporal dementia
  • Semantic dementia
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)
  • Progressive supranuclear palsy
  • Corticobasal syndrome
  • Normal pressure hydrocephalus
  • HIV dementia
  • Neurosyphilis
  • Limbic encephalopathy
  • Hashimoto's encephalopathy
  • Transient global amnesia
  • Wernicke-Korsakoff's syndrome

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Michael D. Geschwind

Professor of Neurology

Memory and Aging Center

University of California

San Francisco

CA

Disclosures

MDG is an author of a number of references in this monograph. He serves on the board of directors for San Francisco Bay Area Physicians for Social Responsibility, on the editorial board of Dementia & Neuropsychologia, and serves or has served as a consultant for Best Doctors, Inc; the Gerson Lehrman Group, Inc; Guidepoint Global, LLC; Biohaven Pharmaceuticals, Inc; Lewis Brisbois Bisgaard & Smith LLP; Lundbeck; MEDACorp; NeuroPhage Pharmaceuticals; and Quest Diagnostics. He receives research support from CurePSP, the Michael J. Homer Family Fund, the National Institute on Aging (R01 AGAG031189), Quest Diagnostics, and the Tau Consortium. He receives honorarium from various medical centers for lectures in the field of dementia.

Neurologist

Memory and Aging Center

University of California

San Francisco

CA

Disclosures

MOK declares that she has no competing interests.

Dr Michael D. Geschwind and Dr Mee-Ohk Kim would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Michael H. Rosenbloom, Dr Steven Z. Chao, and Dr Julie N. Thai, previous contributors to this monograph. MHR, SZC, and JNT declare that they have no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Consultant Psychiatrist and Visiting Professor

University of Hertfordshire

Hatfield

United Kingdom

Mental Health Unit

Lister Hospital

Stevenage

United Kingdom

Disclosures

OA declares that he has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine

Division of Geriatric Medicine

St Louis University

St Louis

MO

Disclosures

AB declares that he has no competing interests.

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