Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Vaginitis and vulvovaginitis
  • Herpes simplex infection
  • Vaginal atrophy
  • Iatrogenic
  • Primary inadequate lubrication
  • Vestibulodynia/vulvodynia
  • Endometriosis
  • Adenomyosis
  • Leiomyomas

Uncommon

  • Interstitial cystitis
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Bartholin's gland abscess
  • Seminal plasma hypersensitivity
  • Contact dermatitis
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Bartholin's gland mass
  • Imperforate hymen
  • Traumatic perineal injuries
  • Vulvar dystrophies
  • Vaginismus
  • Psychosexual disorder
  • Cervicitis
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Hydrosalpinx
  • Levator ani spasm

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Professor

Head of Department of Gynecological Endocrinology and Reproductive Medicine

University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf

Hamburg

Germany

Disclosures

KJB declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Buhling would like to gratefully acknowledge Prof Ahrendt, Dr Suketu M. Mansuria and Dr Amy N. Broach, the previous contributors to this monograph. We have been notified that Prof Ahrendt is now deceased. SMM declares that he has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Assistant Professor

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

University of British Columbia

Vancouver

Canada

Disclosures

LAB declares that she has no competing interests.

Clinical Instructor

Magee-Womens Hospital

University of Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh

PA

Disclosures

KEB declares that she has no competing interests.

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