Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: October  2016

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Stomach cancer
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Oesophageal cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Hepatoma
  • Small cell lung cancer
  • Non-small cell lung cancer
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • Chronic leukaemia
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Oropharyngeal cancer
  • Laryngeal cancer
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Breast cancer
  • Coeliac disease
  • Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency
  • Crohn's disease
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Mesenteric ischaemia
  • Depression
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Generalised anxiety disorder
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Substance abuse
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Dementia
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Tuberculosis (pulmonary)
  • Adverse drug effects

Uncommon

  • Cholangiocarcinoma
  • Acute leukaemia
  • Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
  • VIPoma
  • Carcinoid syndrome
  • Peptic ulcer disease
  • Chronic hepatitis
  • Oesophageal webs, rings, and diverticula
  • Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)
  • Gastroparesis
  • Post-surgical complications
  • Stomatitis
  • Bulimia nervosa
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Prion disease
  • Cardiac cachexia syndrome
  • Post-stroke complications
  • Pulmonary cachexia syndrome
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Microscopic polyangiitis
  • Renal cachexia syndrome
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Adrenal insufficiency
  • Hypopituitarism
  • Pheaochromocytoma
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's)
  • Polyarteritis nodosa
  • Systemic sclerosis (scleroderma)
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Mixed connective tissue disease (overlap syndromes)
  • Adult-onset Still disease
  • HIV infection
  • Tuberculosis (extrapulmonary)
  • Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI)
  • Histoplasmosis
  • Amoebiasis
  • Giardiasis
  • Cryptosporidiosis
  • Cystoisosporiasis
  • Cyclosporiasis
  • Strongyloidiasis
  • Infective endocarditis
  • Whipple's disease
  • Bartonella infection
  • Inadequate nutrition
  • Elder abuse/neglect
  • Child abuse/neglect

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Associate Professor

Division of General Internal Medicine

Department of Medicine

University of Washington

Seattle

WA

Disclosures

CJW is an author of a reference cited in this monograph. He also receives royalties from Springer for a textbook on perioperative medicine.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Clinical Director

Gastro-intestinal Unit

Western General Hospital

Edinburgh

UK

Disclosures

AS declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor of Medicine

Medical Director, Endoscopy

Section of Gastroenterology/Hepatology

Georgia Regents University-Medical College of Georgia

Augusta

GA

Disclosures

SMC declares that he has no competing interests.

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