Burns are very common injuries.
Burn severity is assessed by the burn size (% total body surface area) and depth (first to fourth degree). Associated injuries (such as inhalation injury or trauma) adversely affect the prognosis.
Most burns can be managed in an outpatient setting. Early management affects long-term outcome.
Initial treatment of minor burns consists of wound cooling, cleaning, and dressing. Pain management and tetanus prophylaxis are important.
Serious burns are most effectively managed in regional burn centres.
Prognosis varies from excellent to poor depending on the severity of the burn. However, the majority of patients will have satisfying outcomes.
Burns are injuries, predominantly to the skin and superficial tissues, caused by heat from hot liquids, flame, or contact with heated objects, electrical current, or chemicals.
Associate Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
RS is an author of a number of references cited in this monograph.
Assistant Professor of Clinical Dermatology
RU declares that he has no competing interests.
Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
New York-Presbyterian Hospital
CT declares that he has no competing interests.
Outpatient & Pediatric Dermatology
59th Medical Wing/ SGOMD
Lackland Air Force Base
CMH declares that he has no competing interests.
Chairman, Department of Plastic Surgery and Burn Unit
Rabin Medical Center - Beilinson Hospital
Sackler Faculty of Medicine
Director of Plastic Surgery Services
Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel
DDAE has been a consultant for Ultrashape in the past and participated as one of the moderators in a course in IMCAS, Paris in January 2009.
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