Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Myocarditis
  • Alcohol: dilated cardiomyopathy

Uncommon

  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)
  • Idiopathic restrictive cardiomyopathy
  • Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia (ARVC/D)
  • Left ventricular non-compaction
  • Brugada syndrome and other ion channelopathies
  • Conduction system disease
  • Mitochondrial disorders
  • Stress provoked (tako-tsubo)
  • Peripartum: dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Tachycardia induced: dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Amyloidosis: hypertrophic or restrictive cardiomyopathy
  • Haemochromatosis: restrictive or dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Fabry's disease: hypertrophic or restrictive cardiomyopathy
  • Other lysosomal storage disease
  • Doxorubicin: dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Heavy metals/chemicals: dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Thyroid dysfunction: dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Acromegaly: hypertrophic or dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Noonan syndrome: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Lentiginosis: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Thiamine deficiency (wet beriberi): dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Friedreich's ataxia/muscular dystrophy: hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Deficiency of iron, niacin, selenium, or vitamin D: dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus: dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Endomyocardial fibrosis/Loeffler endocarditis (hypereosinophilic syndrome)
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Electrolyte disorders

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Professor

Director, Centre for Medical Education

School of Medicine, Dentistry & Biomedical Sciences

Queen's University Belfast

Belfast

UK

Disclosures

PM is an author of a reference cited in this monograph.

Consultant Cardiologist

Royal Victoria Hospital

Belfast Health and Social Care Trust

Belfast

UK

Disclosures

AM has received speaker fees from Shire and Genzyme for speaking at educational meetings. AM is an author of a reference cited in this monograph.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Associate Professor of Medicine

Division of Cardiology

Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions

Baltimore

MD

Disclosures

KW declares that she has no competing interests.

Consultant Cardiologist

Cardio-thoracic Unit

Guy's and St Thomas' Hospital

London

UK

Disclosures

JC declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant Cardiologist

Manchester Royal Infirmary

Manchester

UK

Disclosures

VSM declares that he has no competing interests.

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