Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Menstruation
  • Cystitis (UTI)
  • Pyelonephritis
  • Nephrolithiasis
  • Acute prostatitis
  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
  • Trauma (sexual activity, exercise, contusion)

Uncommon

  • Bladder stone
  • Renal cell carcinoma
  • Transitional cell carcinoma (kidney or ureter)
  • Simple renal cyst
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Medullary sponge kidney
  • Atrophic kidney
  • Calyceal diverticulum
  • Renal infarction
  • Renal vein thrombosis
  • Arteriovenous malformations
  • Papillary necrosis
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Hydronephrosis
  • Ureteropelvic junction obstruction
  • Vesicoureteral reflux
  • IgA nephropathy
  • Thin glomerular basement membrane disease
  • Acute glomerulonephritis
  • Lupus nephritis
  • Hereditary nephritis (Alport's syndrome)
  • Transitional cell carcinoma (bladder)
  • Cystitis (interstitial)
  • Cystitis (radiation-induced)
  • Cystitis (eosinophilic)
  • Bladder diverticulum
  • Bladder papilloma
  • Prostate cancer
  • Prostate stone
  • Bladder neck contracture
  • Urethritis
  • Urethral stricture
  • Phimosis
  • Penile cancer
  • HIV
  • Lymphoma
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Urinary tract tuberculosis

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Timothy J. Benton

Regional Chairman

Associate Professor

Department of Family and Community Medicine

Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center at the Permian Basin

Odessa

TX

Disclosures

TJB declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor

Regional Chief Medical Informatics Officer

Medical Director Haven Health Clinics

Department of Family Medicine

Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center

Amarillo

TX

Disclosures

BAL declares that she has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Associate Professor

Department of Family Medicine

University of Texas Health Science Center

Tyler

TX

Disclosures

RT declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant Urological Surgeon

Bart's and The London NHS Trust

London

UK

Disclosures

JM declares that he has no competing interests.

Use of this content is subject to our disclaimer