Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Key diagnostic factors

  • presence of risk factors
  • papules with associated telangiectasias
  • plaques, nodules, and tumours with rolled borders
  • small crusts and non-healing wounds
  • non-healing scabs
  • pearly papules and/or plaques

Other diagnostic factors

  • metastases associated with large or neglected BCC
  • local destruction with advanced lesion

Risk factors

  • UV radiation
  • sun exposure
  • x-ray exposure
  • arsenic exposure
  • xeroderma pigmentosum
  • basal cell naevus syndrome (Gorlin-Goltz syndrome)
  • transplant patients

Diagnostic investigations

1st investigations to order

  • biopsy for dermatohistopathology
Full details

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Robert A. Schwartz

Professor & Head

Dermatology

Rutgers University New Jersey Medical School

Visiting Professor

Rutgers University School of Public Affairs and Administration

Newark

NJ

Disclosures

RAS is an author of a number of references cited in this monograph.

Professor Robert A. Schwartz would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr James R. DeBloom and Dr Drazen Jukic, the previous contributors to this monograph. JRD and DJ declare that they have no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Consultant Dermatologist

Homerton University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust

London

UK

Disclosures

RB declares that he has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

University of California

Los Angeles

CA

Disclosures

DC declares that he has no competing interests.

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