Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Key diagnostic factors

  • presence of risk factors
  • localised pain in a dermatome
  • pruritus
  • rash
  • corneal ulceration

Other diagnostic factors

  • fever
  • headache
  • malaise
  • fatigue
  • pain without rash

Risk factors

  • >50 years of age
  • HIV
  • chronic corticosteroid use
  • chemotherapy
  • malignancies
  • white ethnicity

Diagnostic investigations

Investigations to consider

  • PCR
  • immunohistochemistry
  • vesicular fluid culture
Full details

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Professor of Medicine and Clinical and Translational Science

University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

Pittsburgh

PA

Disclosures

KJS declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Kenneth J. Smith would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Linda Kalilani, a previous contributor to this monograph. LK declares that she has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Department of Epidemiology

Division of General Medicine and Epidemiology

UNC at Chapel Hill

Chapel Hill

NC

Disclosures

JA declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant Virologist

Manchester Royal Infirmary

Manchester

UK

Disclosures

KM declares that he has no competing interests.

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