Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: July  2017

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Key diagnostic factors

  • presence of risk factors
  • maternal age <20 years (gastroschisis)
  • maternal age >40 years (omphalocele)
  • elevated maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (gastroschisis)
  • positive antenatal ultrasound
  • fetal chromosomal abnormalities (omphalocele)
  • abdominal contents external to the abdominal wall

Risk factors

  • maternal age <20 years (gastroschisis)
  • male sex of neonate (gastroschisis)
  • maternal age >40 years (omphalocele)
  • smoking
  • maternal infection during pregnancy

Diagnostic investigations

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Cynthia L. Leaphart

Patient Safety

University of Florida College of Medicine

Jacksonville

FL

Disclosures

CLL declares that she has no competing interests.

Dr Cynthia L. Leaphart would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Joseph T. Tepas, a previous contributor to this monograph. JTT declares that he has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Emeritus Nuffield Professor of Paediatric Surgery

Institute of Child Health

University College

London

UK

Disclosures

LS declares that he has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor of Surgery

Division of Pediatric Surgery

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Baltimore

MD

Disclosures

FA declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant in Paediatric and Neonatal Surgery

Royal Alexandra Children's Hospital

Brighton

UK

Disclosures

RH declares that she has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor

Department of Pediatrics

University of Washington Medical Center

Seattle

WA

Disclosures

SC declares that he has no competing interests.

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