Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: July  2016

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Community-acquired pneumonia (non-resolving)
  • Atypical pneumonia (non-resolving)
  • Hospital-acquired pneumonia (non-resolving)
  • Empyema
  • Lung abscess
  • Lung cancer (primary or metastatic)
  • Small cell lung cancer
  • Non-small cell lung cancer
  • Tuberculosis
  • Aspiration pneumonia
  • HIV (AIDS)
  • Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (non-resolving)
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Cardiogenic pulmonary oedema

Uncommon

  • Foreign body aspiration
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Interstitial lung disease
  • Organising pneumonia
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Scleroderma
  • Dermatomyositis
  • Polymyositis
  • Sjogren's syndrome
  • Asbestosis
  • Silicosis
  • Lymphoma and acute leukaemia
  • Kaposi's sarcoma
  • Diffuse alveolar haemorrhage
  • Systemic vasculitis
  • Wegener's granulomatosis
  • Churg-Strauss syndrome
  • Allergic bronchopneumonic aspergillosis
  • Loeffler's syndrome
  • Hypersensitivity pneumonia (extrinsic allergic alveolitis)
  • Acute idiopathic eosinophilic pneumonia
  • Idiopathic chronic eosinophilic pneumonia
  • Drug-induced infiltrate
  • Cocaine abuse
  • Radiation pneumonitis
  • Amyloidosis
  • Langerhans cell histiocytosis
  • Lymphangioleiomyomatosis
  • Lipoid pneumonia
  • Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Respiratory Physician

Aristotle University

Thessaloniki

Greece

Disclosures

AP declares that she has no competing interests.

Dr Athanasia Pataka would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Paraskevi Argyropoulou-Pataka, a previous contributor to this monograph. PAP declares that she has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Staff Physician

Cleveland Clinic

Cleveland

OH

Disclosures

CR declares that she has no competing interests.

Clinical Lead in Respiratory Medicine

Whipps Cross University Hospital

NHS Trust

London

UK

Disclosures

MD declares that she has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor

Pulmonary Medicine and Infectious Diseases

Pulmonary Medicine Clinic

Aristotle University

Thessaloniki

Greece

Disclosures

IPK declares that he has no competing interests.

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