Last reviewed: November 2017
Last updated: November  2017

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Acute/chronic bronchitis
  • Pulmonary tuberculosis
  • Lung abscess
  • Pneumonia
  • Primary lung cancer
  • Lung metastasis
  • Anticoagulants, thrombolytic agents
  • Toxic inhalation
  • Bronchiectasis
  • Pulmonary thromboembolism
  • Mitral valve stenosis
  • Left ventricular failure
  • Coagulopathy
  • Thrombocytopenia
  • Disseminated intravascular coagulation

Uncommon

  • Aspergilloma
  • Endobronchial carcinoid
  • Aspiration of foreign body
  • Aspiration of gastric contents
  • Broncholithiasis
  • Tracheo-oesophageal fistula
  • Bronchial telangiectasia
  • Airway trauma
  • Dieulafoy's disease
  • Thoracic endometriosis
  • Pulmonary artery aneurysm
  • Fat embolism
  • Tumour embolism
  • Arteriovenous malformation
  • Pulmonary haemorrhagic syndromes
  • Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (formerly Wegener's granulomatosis)
  • Systemic vasculitis
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Tricuspid endocarditis
  • Bronchogenic cyst
  • Factitious haemoptysis

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Erik Folch

Co-Director, Interventional Pulmonology

Chief, Complex Chest Disease Center

Massachusetts General Hospital

Harvard Medical School

Boston

MA

Disclosures

EF is an author of a reference cited in this monograph.

Dr Erik Folch would like to gratefully acknowledge Professor James K. Stoller, a previous contributor of this topic. JKS is an author of a number of references cited in this monograph.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Professor

Box Hill Hospital and Monash University

Victoria

Australia

Disclosures

FT declares that he has no competing interests.

Interventional Radiologist and Pulmonologist

Full Professor and Chief of Interventional Radiology

University of Zaragoza

Zaragoza

Spain

Disclosures

MAdG has been reimbursed by Cook Medical and Abbott Vascular for attending several conferences; by Cook Medical and UCB Pharma for speaking; by Cook Medical and St Jude Medical for running educational programs.

Staff Physician

Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine

US Department of Veterans Affairs

Palo Alto Health Care System

Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine

Stanford University School of Medicine

Palo Alto

CA

Disclosures

HSP declares that he has no competing interests.

Director

Medical Intensive Care Unit

West Los Angeles VA Healthcare Center

Los Angeles

CA

Disclosures

GWSH declares that he has no competing interests.

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