- Affects approximately 75% of pregnant women.
- Typically begins between the fourth and seventh week after the last menstrual period and resolves in the second trimester.
- Aetiology remains unclear. There is some evidence that it is related to hormone levels of human chorionic gonadotrophin and oestrogen.
- Hyperemesis gravidarum represents the most severe form of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. While there is lack of consensus of definition, most agree that clinical features include persistent vomiting, volume depletion, ketosis, electrolyte disturbances, and weight loss.
- Initial therapy should be conservative. This may include non-pharmacological treatments such as diet modification, emotional support, ginger, and acupressure.
- Severe cases may require hospitalisation, intravenous fluids, antiemetics, corticosteroids, and total parenteral nutrition.
Other related conditions
- Viral gastroenteritis
- Food poisoning
- Overview of pregnancy complications
- Assessment of abdominal pain in pregnancy
- Cholestasis of pregnancy
- HELLP syndrome
- Acute pyelonephritis
- Acute pancreatitis
- Acute appendicitis
- Graves' disease
- Overview of thyroid dysfunction
- Pseudotumor cerebri
- Overview of vertigo
- Migraine headache in adults
- Overview of brain tumours
- Wernicke's encephalopathy
Last updated: Sep 24, 2012