- A slowing of gastrointestinal motility that is not associated with mechanical obstruction.
- Most commonly presents following surgery and usually lasts 2 to 4 days.
- Prolonged postoperative ileus contributes significantly to longer hospitalisation and increased healthcare costs.
- Treatment includes bowel rest, supportive care, and treatment of any underlying exacerbating factors.
- Prevention requires a multi-modal approach, including the substitution of postoperative opioid analgesia with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and thoracic epidural analgesia, early enteral feeding, early ambulation, and the use of laparoscopy rather than laparotomy whenever possible.
Other related conditions
- Small bowel obstruction
- Large bowel obstruction
- Aspiration pneumonia
- Deep vein thrombosis
- Pulmonary embolism
- Overview of acute coronary syndrome
- Acute pancreatitis
- Chronic pancreatitis
- Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis
- Overview of diabetes
- Systemic sclerosis (scleroderma)
- Inguinal hernia
- Viral gastroenteritis
- Intra-abdominal abscess
Last updated: Apr 03, 2013