- Clinical history, presentation, and findings include fatigue, pallor, dyspnoea on exertion, and pica.
- Microcytic, hypochromic anaemia; low reticulocyte count.
- Characteristics include low serum iron, increased total iron-binding capacity (TIBC), less than 16% transferrin saturation, and low serum ferritin.
- The diagnosis of iron deficiency anaemia necessitates investigation of the underlying cause.
- Initial treatment includes oral iron.
Last updated: May 29, 2012