- Chronic infectious disease characterised by skin lesion(s) and involvement of peripheral nerves.
- Skin lesions can be single or multiple and usually less pigmented than the surrounding normal skin; macules, papules, or nodules are common.
- Skin smear may be positive for acid-fast bacilli (AFB).
- Nerve damage to peripheral nerve trunks may occur, with loss of sensation in the skin and weakness of muscles supplied by the affected nerve.
- Diagnosis is most commonly based on clinical signs and symptoms, and in practice, people usually report on their own to the health centre.
- The standard WHO-recommended treatment for leprosy is with multi-drug therapy (MDT).
Other related conditions
Last updated: Mar 25, 2013