- Predominantly asymptomatic.
- Adenomas are highly prevalent and related to age (individuals >60 years of age), sex (higher incidence in men than in women), and family history (first-degree relatives with colorectal cancer).
- Most colorectal cancers arise in an adenoma (adenoma-carcinoma sequence).
- Polypectomy reduces the incidence of colorectal cancer by up to 90%.
- Polyp surveillance is based upon polyp size, number, and histopathology.
- Familial polyposis syndromes should be considered if many polyps are found, particularly in younger patients.
- Non-neoplastic polyps include hyperplastic polyps, hamartomas, inflammatory polyps, and lymphoid polyps.
Last updated: Apr 03, 2013