- May represent the first presentation of COPD, usually associated with a history of tobacco exposure.
- Typically presents with an increased level of dyspnoea, worsening of chronic cough, and/or an increase in the volume and/or purulence of the sputum produced.
- Treatment includes bronchodilators, systemic corticosteroids, and antibiotics.
- Antibiotics may be reserved for exacerbations thought to be due to bacteria. An acute change in the volume and colour of sputum produced is suggestive of a bacterial trigger.
- Treatment may be complicated by the development of hyperglycaemia (associated with the use of corticosteroids) and/or diarrhoea, including Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea (associated with the use of antibiotics).
Other related conditions
- Overview of pneumonia
- Community-acquired pneumonia
- Aspiration pneumonia
- Atypical pneumonia
- Hospital-acquired pneumonia
- Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia
- Asthma in adults
- Acute asthma exacerbation in adults
- Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension
- Overview of acute coronary syndrome
- Overview of dysrhythmias (cardiac)
- Clostridium difficile-associated disease
Last updated: Feb 01, 2013