- Progressive disease state characterised by airflow limitation that is not fully reversible.
- Suspected in patients with a history of smoking, occupational and environmental risk factors, or a personal or family history of chronic lung disease.
- Presents with progressive shortness of breath, wheeze, cough, and sputum production, including haemoptysis.
- Diagnostic tests include PFTs, CXR, chest CT scan, oximetry, and ABG analysis.
- Patients should be encouraged to stop smoking and be vaccinated against viral influenza and Streptococcus pneumoniae.
- Treatment options include bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids, and systemic corticosteroids.
- Long-term oxygen therapy improves survival in severe COPD.
Actualizado por última vez: dic 03, 2012