- Misalignment of the visual axes of the eyes; may be latent or manifest and, if manifest, it may be constant or intermittent.
- Common cause of diplopia (double vision) and visual confusion (seeing different objects in the same place) in adults.
- Important cause for amblyopia (decreased vision in an anatomically normal eye caused by suppression) in children.
- May be aesthetically obvious to the patient and others, resulting in psychosocial problems.
- Evaluation involves a detailed medical history, including a complete ocular history, followed by thorough neurological and ophthalmic examinations.
- Treatment is directed at restoring and maintaining ocular alignment, eliminating diplopia or visual confusion, enabling binocular vision, and restoring normal appearance.
- If strabismus is secondary to an underlying cause (e.g., sixth cranial nerve palsy causing esotropia), treatment of this condition is necessary.
Letzte Aktualisierung am: Sep 26, 2012