- Refers to the baby presenting for delivery with the buttocks or feet first rather than head.
- Associated with increased morbidity and mortality for the mother in terms of emergency caesarean section and placenta praevia; and for the baby in terms of preterm birth, small fetal size, congenital anomalies, and perinatal mortality.
- Incidence decreases as pregnancy progresses and by term occurs in 3% to 4% of singleton term pregnancies.
- Treatment options include external cephalic version to increase the likelihood of vaginal birth or a planned caesarean section, the optimal gestation being 37 and 39 weeks, respectively.
- Planned caesarean section is considered the safest form of delivery for infants with a persisting breech presentation at term.
Last updated: Apr 12, 2013