- Gingival inflammation is caused by bacterial plaque (dental biofilm) that accumulates daily on the teeth.
- Results in redness, slight swelling, or "puffiness" of the gums and bleeding on tooth brushing.
- Treatment involves thorough professional tooth cleaning and effective daily removal of dental plaque by tooth brushing and cleaning between the teeth.
- Necrotising ulcerative gingivitis (NUG) is a more serious condition that is mainly found in developing countries associated with people with severe malnutrition or HIV/AIDS with low CD4 T-cell counts.
Other related conditions
- Smoking cessation
- Overview of diabetes
- Overview of pregnancy complications
- HIV infection
- Assessment of neutropenia
- Bullous pemphigoid
- Discoid lupus erythematosus
- Erythema multiforme
- Herpes simplex infection
- Lichen planus
- Overview of leukaemia
- Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's)
Last updated: Sep 27, 2012