- Prolonged pain, disproportionate to the initiating event, most frequently following minor trauma and most commonly affecting the distal aspect of an extremity.
- Pain often described as spontaneous, burning, lancinating, sharp, shooting, or electric. Characteristically develops dull, boring, and aching qualities with chronicity. Allodynia and hyperalgesia are almost always present.
- Local oedema, erythema, sweating abnormalities, and trophic skin and nail changes are often, but not always, present.
- Affected extremity is often held immobile, resulting in dystonia, focal weakness, and contractures, probably due to disuse.
- Diagnosis is clinical. No specific tests are diagnostic for this condition.
- The main focus of treatment is adequate analgesia and improvement of mobility and function.
Other related conditions
- Assessment of upper extremity mononeuropathy
- Assessment of lower extremity mononeuropathy
- Chronic pain syndromes
- Depression in adults
- Diabetic neuropathy
- Deep vein thrombosis
- Superficial vein thrombophlebitis
- Calcium pyrophosphate deposition
- Systemic sclerosis (scleroderma)
- Tenosynovitis of the hand and wrist
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Assessment of polyneuropathy
Last updated: Jun 06, 2013