- Encompasses acute mountain sickness, high-altitude pulmonary oedema, and high-altitude cerebral oedema that occurs in lowland residents following an ascent to altitude.
- Acute mountain sickness is self-limiting and resolves over a number of days at altitude.
- High-altitude pulmonary oedema and cerebral oedema are often fatal if left untreated.
- Descent is the most effective form of treatment for all 3 conditions.
- The diagnosis is usually clinical. However, the combination of a remote environment and the potential for other medical conditions sometimes makes confirmation of the diagnosis difficult to achieve.
- New symptoms at altitude should be assumed to be those of a high-altitude illness until proved otherwise.
Other related conditions
- Asthma in adults
- Community-acquired pneumonia
- Acute exacerbation of congestive heart failure
- Overview of acute coronary syndrome
- Pulmonary embolism
- Assessment of psychosis
- Carbon monoxide poisoning
- Diabetic ketoacidosis
- Non-diabetic hypoglycaemia
- Assessment of hyponatraemia
- Migraine headache in adults
- Generalised seizures
- Overview of stroke
- Assessment of coma
Last updated: Jan 16, 2013