- Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stroke account for about two-thirds of deaths in people with diabetes.
- People with diabetes have a 2- to 4-fold increased risk of CVD and are up to 3 times more likely to die after MI than people without diabetes.
- Regular exercise training at moderate to heavy intensity, dietary modification (low salt, high fibre, and low saturated fat), and smoking cessation or non-initiation are critical lifestyle changes for the primary prevention of CVD.
- Aggressive treatment of dyslipidaemia and HTN, preventive anticoagulation, and coronary revascularisation (percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty or coronary artery bypass surgery during episodes of acute coronary syndrome) can lead to improved survival.
Other related conditions
- Acute exacerbation of congestive heart failure
- Assessment of chest pain
- Cardiac arrest
- Chronic congestive heart failure
- Diabetic ketoacidosis
- Diabetic nephropathy
- Diabetic neuropathy
- Diabetic retinopathy
- Diastolic heart failure
- Gestational diabetes mellitus
- Overview of acute coronary syndrome
- Overview of diabetes
- Overview of stroke
- Ischaemic stroke
- Type 1 diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes in adults
- Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction
- ST-elevation myocardial infarction
- Essential hypertension
- Obesity in adults
- Chronic renal failure
Last updated: Apr 08, 2013