- Medical emergency; can be rapidly fatal if not promptly drained through needle pericardiocentesis or surgical drainage of the pericardium.
- Clinical signs include tachycardia, hypotension, distant heart sounds, elevated jugular venous pressure, and a pulsus paradoxus >10 mmHg.
- Echocardiography is essential for evaluation.
- May be caused by any disorder that results in pericardial effusion.
- Pericardiocentesis may be complicated by puncture or laceration of the coronary, internal mammary, or pericardial blood vessels.
Other related conditions
Τελευταία ενημέρωση: Απρ 12, 2013