Summary

  • A common valvular heart condition.
  • One or both leaflets of the mitral valve prolapse into the left atrium during systole.
  • Diagnosis established by clinical examination and echocardiogram.
  • Usually follows a benign course with a favourable prognosis.
  • Uncommonly, serious complications occur such as infective endocarditis, severe mitral regurgitation, or sudden cardiac death. Patients at increased risk identifiable by clinical and echocardiographical features.
  • Mitral valve repair is the preferred treatment option in patients with mitral valve prolapse and severe mitral regurgitation.

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