- Insects encounters are most prevalent in summer. Reactions range from local irritation and mild swelling to gross oral swelling and difficulty in breathing.
- Treatment is usually entirely supportive, aimed at alleviating immune reactions.
- Fatal spider bites are exceedingly rare. The majority can be treated with supportive care.
- Severe reactions and anaphylaxis require immediate treatment.
- Guidelines are mainly based on clinical experience and expert consensus, owing to the variability and unpredictability of reactions.
- There is risk of late-phase (delayed) anaphylactic reactions.
- Primary care physicians should be notified of severe reactions involving their patients.
Other related conditions
- Assessment of maculopapular rash
- Assessment of vesicular-bullous rash
- Assessment of pustular rash
- Assessment of rash in children
- Contact dermatitis
- Urticaria and angio-oedema
- Animal bites
- Malaria infection
- West Nile virus
- Lyme disease
- Rocky Mountain spotted fever
- Chagas disease
- Yellow fever
Last updated: Sep 25, 2012