- Life-threatening neurological syndrome characterised by tonic muscle spasms and hyper-reflexia.
- Caused by the exotoxin of Clostridium tetani.
- Prevention includes appropriate management of tetanus-prone wounds and complete active immunisation, with passive immunisation administered when required.
- Diagnosis is based on clinical findings that include trismus, muscle rigidity, spasms, respiratory embarrassment, dysphagia, or autonomic dysfunction.
- Management of clinical tetanus includes supportive care, wound debridement, antimicrobials, passive and active immunisation, control of muscle spasms, and management of autonomic dysfunction.
วันที่ปรับปรุง: ม.ค. 21, 2013