- Patients typically present with chronic, widespread body pain and almost always have accompanying comorbid symptoms such as fatigue, memory difficulties, and sleep and mood difficulties
- Physical examination is typically normal but there is often diffuse tenderness, which may be assessed by counting the number of tender points or by palpating several areas of the body.
- Many therapies have been shown to be beneficial. Non-pharmacological therapies include patient education, exercise, and cognitive behavioural approaches. Pharmacological therapies include tricyclics, gabapentinoids, and serotonin-norepinephrine (noradrenaline) reuptake inhibitors. Patients often fare better when several different types of treatment are used together.
- Even though practitioners may have a problem recognising fibromyalgia as a discrete disorder, they should understand the diagnostic and therapeutic importance of "centralisation" of pain as exemplified by a typical fibromyalgia patient. When a patient with any chronic pain state develops evidence of centralisation of pain, it is likely that treatments that work well for acute pain or pain primarily due to nociceptive input (NSAIDs, opioids, anti-inflammatories, immunosuppressives, injections, surgical procedures) will be less effective.
Letzte Aktualisierung am: Feb 05, 2013