- A rare autoimmune disorder of the neuromuscular junction.
- Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LES) occurs either as a paraneoplastic disorder in association with an underlying cancer (CA-LES), or without cancer and as part of a more general autoimmune state (NCA-LES).
- Symptoms include insidious and gradual onset of fatigue, weakness, and a dry mouth.
- Clinical findings include proximal muscle weakness in hip girdle and thigh muscles; absent or reduced tendon reflexes that may facilitate after brief exercise; and dilated, poorly reactive pupils.
- Serum P/Q-type voltage-gated calcium-channel antibodies are usually present. Electrophysiological studies usually demonstrate decremental responses to low-frequency repetitive nerve stimulation, and may also exhibit postactivation facilitation of >100%.
- Over 40% of LES patients have underlying cancer, usually small cell lung cancer. Effective treatment of underlying cancer frequently improves symptoms.
- Effective symptomatic and long-term treatment options include agents that augment neuromuscular transmission and immunomodulators. However, many patients have long-term disability due to weakness.
Other related conditions
- Myasthenia gravis
- Small cell lung cancer
- Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies
- Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy
- Guillain-Barre syndrome
- Overview of thyroid dysfunction
- Vitamin B12 deficiency
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Systemic vasculitis
- Smoking cessation
- Erectile dysfunction
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
- Respiratory failure
- Assessment of dysphagia
- Acute aspiration
- Aspiration pneumonia
Letzte Aktualisierung am: Nov 14, 2012