- A clinical syndrome characterised by inadequate organ perfusion and tissue oxygenation due to an imbalance between oxygen delivery and tissue oxygen demand.
- Commonly diagnosed when signs of hypoperfusion are associated with low or declining BP.
- It may result from a number of disease processes, including pump failure (cardiogenic), loss of intravascular volume (hypovolaemic), failure of vasoregulation (distributive), or obstruction to blood flow (obstructive).
- Initial treatment aims to optimise oxygen delivery and reverse hypoperfusion through volume resuscitation, vasopressors for refractory hypotension due to vasodilation, management of cardiac dysfunction, and treatment of the underlying cause.
- Management of shock is best undertaken in a critical care environment.
Other related conditions
- Acute pancreatitis
- Assessment of shock
- Pulmonary embolism
- Cardiac arrest
- Assessment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding
- Assessment of lower gastrointestinal bleeding
- Abdominal aortic aneurysm
- Assessment of cardiomyopathy
- Chronic congestive heart failure
- ST-elevation myocardial infarction
- Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction
- Cardiac tamponade
- Addison's disease
Letzte Aktualisierung am: Nov 22, 2012